WHAT IS ABA?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the only evidence-based behavior therapy option for individuals with autism.

As many of us are parents ourselves, we understand that when your child is struggling, your family is struggling too. We also understand how confusing it can be to know the steps to take when your child has been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder.

It is a data-driven therapy that looks for functional relationships between one’s behavior and his or her environment.

Closeup of children's hands playing with mosaic puzzle

How does ABA work?

For families and children with autism, Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy offers an opportunity to target specific goals and identify areas where the most improvement can be made.

Provides individualized, age–appropriate learning objectives

Provides one–on–one therapy, typically initiated in a clinical center, school or home, and then generalized to other settings

Can involve an intensive treatment program, between 20 and 40 hours of therapy per week

Provides continuous training and support to parents throughout services

Provides support to the child, family, teachers, and administrators during the child’s transition to school

The goal of ABA is to increase desirable behaviors and reduce behaviors that interfere with an individual’s ability to learn, leading to an improved quality of life.

It is used to teach and increase socially significant behaviors and decrease behaviors targeted as problematic for the individual.

It is also the application of scientifically validated behavior principles to achieve performance that is socially significant by simultaneously reducing behaviors.

The goal of ABA is to help both children and their families understand and improve how behaviors are managed.

ABA therapy is used to facilitate the development of prosocial behaviors and reduce challenging behaviors that interfere with learning and independence.

The National Autism Center’s National Standards Project (2009) reveals that over 75% of the established treatments for autism are developed from behavioral research/literature. The Report of the Maine Administrators of Services of Children with Disabilities (2009) recommends ABA as the only established intervention for children with autism.

Behavior Analysts work with families to determine the best methods available to increase communication and skill acquisition. Behavior Analysts provide valuable information. guidance, and training to families and intervention teams regarding how to teach skills.

As many of us are parents ourselves, we understand that when your child is struggling, your family is struggling too.

We also understand how confusing it can be to know the steps to take when your child has been diagnosed with Autism.

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the only evidence-based behavioral therapy option for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBAs) take the following steps:

GATHER

Gather information to analyze the link between the environment and a behavior

ASSESS

Assess the environment and consequences that maintain a behavior

CHANGE

Change or alter the environment that triggers challenging behavior and arrange situations that will provide opportunity for desirable behaviors to occur

TEACH

Teach or increase occurrence of skills to replace the behavior targeted for change and arrange delivery of consequences for desirable and undesirable behavior

MAINTAIN

Include strategies and approaches to maintain the gains of the intervention over time and in varied settings

MONITOR

Monitor and evaluate effectiveness of each intervention through direct observation and quantification of the behavior targeted for change

In ABA therapy, Behavior Analysts provide valuable information, guidance, and training to families and intervention teams regarding how to teach skills.

Caregivers and family members are actively involved in the behavior analytic process and are taught how to implement specific techniques or changes in the environment in order to generalize the behaviors targeted in ABA therapy.